||showing no symptoms of a particular disease - She had no idea her husband had coronavirus because he was asymptomatic
||a person or animal that transmits a disease to others, whether suffering from it themselves or not - People who are asymptomatic can still be carriers.
||распространение в обществе
||transmission of a disease directly within a community and not by importation from a foreign source - With this many new positive cases, the evidence suggests that we now have community spread right here in our county.
||describing a disease that can pass from person to person, usually by direct contact; describing a person with such a disease. See infectious - Patients who are still contagious are kept in isolation.
||any one of a large family of viruses that can cause disease in the breathing and eating systems of humans and animals (respiratory and digestive systems).
||identify an illness by examining the symptoms - Only a medical professional can properly diagnose the cause of your problem.
||illness; sickness; a disorder of the body - Polio is one of several serious diseases that have been nearly eradicated.
||the spray produced when people cough or sneeze, and which can spread diseases like COVID-19 - Health care personnel wear protective clothing to guard against the disease carried in droplets when infected people sneeze or cough.
||occurrence of a particular disease in a large number of people in a particular area. See outbreak, pandemic - The city was devastated by an epidemic of cholera in the 19th century.
||flatten the curve
||change the steep upward curve on a graph of new disease cases to a flatter, shallower upward curve over a longer time period through measures such as social distancing.
||an indirect protection from a disease resulting from a large percentage of the population gaining immunity (either through vaccination or through recovering from the disease) - This virus is unlike the seasonal flu because there is currently no vaccine or herd immunity, he said.
||the time from a person’s first exposure to a disease to the time when symptoms develop - When they know the incubation period they will know how long to keep people in quarantine.
||affect a human or animal with a disease-causing organism - But can it infect human beings?
||describing a disease that can be transmitted through the environment; describing a human or animal capable of spreading an infection. See contagious - Avoid the dogs as they may still be infectious.
||keep an infected person away from healthy people - They will isolate anyone suspected of having the disease.
|| a piece of fibre or cloth that fits over the nose and mouth to protect other people from the wearer's germs and/or the wearer from germs in the air.
||the word novel means “new”, and a newly identified coronavirus strain is often called a novel coronavirus - Until they gave it a name, they mostly referred to COVID-19 as novel coronavirus (disease).
||a sudden occurrence of a disease (or other unpleasant thing). See epidemic, pandemic - There was another outbreak of the disease in 1993 but the cause was uncertain.
||a micro-organism or germ such as a bacterium or virus that can cause disease - Fortunately, most pathogens are dealt with by the body's immune system.
||patient zero / Index patient
||the person identified as the first to become infected with a disease in an outbreak.
||test that detects viral particles in blood or other body fluids. (PCR = polymerase chain reaction).
||isolation and monitoring of people who seem healthy but may have been exposed to an infectious disease to see if they develop symptoms.
||practice of encouraging people to minimize contact and closeness, whether by banning large or even small groups/meetings (football matches, nightclubs), or by maintaining a minimum distance between people (for example one metre or two metres).
||showing symptoms of a particular disease - Anyone who is symptomatic is advised to phone a doctor and get tested.
||test negative / test positive
||тест отрицательный / тест положительный
||if you take a test for an infection and you test negative, that means you do not have the infection. If you test positive, that means you have the infection.
||transmission [transmit (v.)]
||передача [передавать (гл.)]
||transfer of a disease from animal to human or from human to human - Transmission of many diseases can be direct or indirect.
||attempt to cure or alleviate an illness or injury through medical care - Doctors cannot currently treat COVID-19 directly and instead concentrate on relieving symptoms.
||a substance used to protect humans and animals from a disease - A vaccine for cholera was invented in 1879.
||describing something like, caused by, or relating to a virus or viruses - Antibiotics cannot be used to treat viral infections because they don't kill viruses, only bacteria.
||a living thing, too small to be seen without a microscope, that causes infectious disease in animals and humans - Like all diseases caused by viruses, the common cold cannot be cured with antibiotics.
||Acute respiratory stress syndrome (ARDS)
||Синдром острого респираторного дистресс-синдрома (ОРДС)
||a condition in which fluid builds up in the air sacs of the lungs. The fluid prohibits the lungs from getting enough air, leading to a deprivation of oxygen in the bloodstream. The condition is often fatal.
||Case fatality rate
||the ratio of deaths from COVID-19 to the total number of individuals diagnosed with the disease.
||research experiments on human participants designed to answer questions about new treatments; in the case of COVID-19 and coronaviruses, the safety and efficacy of a potential vaccine.
||identifying and monitoring people who may have come into contact with an infectious person. In the case of COVID-19, monitoring usually involves self-quarantine as an effort to control the spread of disease.
||without contact; for example, “contactless delivery” would include leaving purchased items at the entryway of a home rather than handing it directly to a person.
||a geographical zone with limited access in or out in an effort to contain an outbreak.
|| although this definition varies between cities and states based on individual restrictions, essential businesses are those that serve a critical purpose, such as grocery stores, pharmacies, waste collection, health care providers, gas stations, banks, transportation and agriculture services.
||a device that measures body temperature through hovering near or contact with the forehead rather than traditional insertion.
||the process of monitoring the immune system’s activities, which may include the detection and destruction of foreign substances, cells or tissues.
||an individual who experiences reduced efficacy of the immune system as a result of health conditions not related to COVID-19 disease.
||a physician who specializes in treating patients who are in intensive care or in intensive care units.
||an emergency measure in which individuals are restricted from certain areas in an attempt to control exposure or transmission of disease. In a lockdown during an epidemic, individuals are encouraged to stay home.
||Presumptive positive case
||Предположительно положительный случай
||an individual who has tested positive for COVID-19 by a local public health lab, but whose results are awaiting confirmation from the CDC.
||Person under investigation (PUI)
||an individual who is suspected of potentially having COVID-19.
||an investigational antiviral drug that is administered intravenously and inhibits viral replication.
||a device designed to protect individuals from inhaling something hazardous in the air, in this case, particulate that may be contaminated with the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
||the act of verifying symptoms and potential exposure before testing for the virus.
||the act of separating oneself from others.
||to make something less strict or severe. Some people are worried that the USA eased the restrictions too quickly.
||The normal adult body temperature is 36.5 to 37 degrees Celsius. A high temperature or fever is 38 degrees Celsius or above.
||Chain of infection
||This is how an infection spreads from one person to another.
||This means having two different health conditions at the same time. COVID-19 has been found to be particularly severe for people who have other health issues.
||Compromised immune system
||Ослабленная иммунная система
||This is where you have a weak immune system (immunosuppressed).
||This is a chemical liquid that kills bacteria. A common disinfectant is bleach.
||The constant presence of a disease in a population within a certain area.
||This means that numbers increase over time very rapidly as they multiply every day.
||Strong health literacy is important as we are dealing with a lot of health information during this COVID-19 outbreak.
||This is process where a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, usually by giving them a vaccine.
||A scientist or doctor who studies viruses and the diseases viruses cause.
||WHO (World Health Organisation)
||ВОЗ (Всемирная организация здравоохранения)
||The authority responsible for public health within the United Nations system (about 53 countries). It has excellent information resources including videos about washing hands and how to social distance (https://www.who.int).
||refers to a job that is done outside of the office.
||a physical or mental sign indicating the presence of a disease (include sneezing, runny nose, cough, fatigue, fever, shortness of breath, etc.).
||a small piece of soft material used for taking a small amount of substance from a body, or the substance itself that can then be tested.
||"First shot", "Second shot" of vaccine
||Первая, Вторая прививка от вакцины
||first and second substances used to protect humans and animals from a disease.