Сложные слова в правописании в английском языке

Сложные слова в правописании в английском языке для студентов, готовящихся к IELTS, TOEFL, CAE, и не только.

Иногда легко допустить орфографические ошибки в словах следующих тематик:

Дни / Days

Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday, weekdays, weekends;

Месяцы / Months

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December;

Деньги / Money

Cash, credit card, cheque, in advance, annual fee, monthly membership, interest rate, deposit, tuition fees, poverty, bank statement, money management, current account, student account, withdraw, low-risk investment;

Предметы изучения / Subjects

Science, politics, history, economics, biology, architecture, law, geography;

Обучение / Study

Course outline, group discussion, handouts, written work, report writing, research, rewrite, proof reading, experiment, experience, review, revise, reference, textbooks, dictionary, laptop, printer, student support, student advisor, a term, intensive, modules, topic, assessment, library, education department, computer centre, classroom, a lecture, lecturer, tutor, main hall, attendance, deadline, give a talk, speech, computer laboratory, certificate, diploma, placement test, overseas students, full-time, facilities, college dining room, specialist knowledge, international, accommodation, home stay, primary, secondary, intermediate, media room, resources room, staff room;

Маркетинг / Marketing

Catalogue, interview, newsletter, supervise, competition, TV programme, strategies, research method, entertainment industry, leadership, management, testing, display, products, customer, special offer, collecting data, questionnaire, survey, mass media, statistics;

Здоровье / Health

Yoga, keep-fit, salad bar, vegetarian, picnic, outdoor activities, tennis, cycling, leisure activities, disease, diet, meal, dance studio, squash courts, protein;

Природа / Nature

Field, footbridge, environment, waterfall, river, mountain, forest, village;

Город / City

Cities, street, lane, city centre, central station, train, car park, mini bus, department stores, ground floor, hire a car, bridge, restaurant, café, temple, embassy, road system, hospital, nursery, garden, pollution;

Работа / Workplace

Dentist, engineer, business, office assistant, reception, waiting list, appointment, staff selection, colleagues, workshop, showroom, information desk, employer, efficient, employment, unemployed, technical cooperation, team leaders, stress, attitude, ability, vision, confidence, training;

Туризм / Tour

Castles, guided tour, ticket office, souvenirs, trips, guest, reservation, view, culture;

Другие слова / Other

Prize, weather, temperature, international, passport photo, local newspaper, state, government, individual, variety, section, expensive, practice, gender, creativity, reasonable, satisfactory, dangerous, safe, strongly recommend, poor quality, theatre; Separate (adj.), Definite, Desperate, Temperature, Literature, General, Relevant, Category; Describe, Decline, Despite; Dispute, Discrete, Display;
Capable, Achievable, Understandable; Possible, Visible, Accessible;
Performance, Attendance, Ignorance; Independence, Sentence, Existence;
Opportunity, Pursue, Persuade, Surprise;

Одна или две согласные

Across, Process, Harass, Disappoint, Recommend, Tomorrow, Professor, Necessary;

Parallel, Apparent, Exaggerate, Occasion, Occur (but Occurred), Commit (but Committed);

Парные согласные

Success, Possess, Access, Assess, Address, Accommodation, Embarrass, Millennium;

Изменения при переходе от существительного к глаголу
  • Success > Succeed;
  • Excess > Exceed;
  • Process > Proceed;
Изменения при окончаниях
  • Occur > Occurred;
  • Refer > Referred;
  • Begin > Beginning;
Неозвучиваемые согласные

[nm] - in Environment, Government;
[nm] -in Column, Autumn;
[sc] - in Science, Conscious, Discipline, Fascinate, Ascend, Descend;
[xc] - in Excite, Exceed, Exception, Excellent, Excited;
[dg] - in Knowledge, Acknowledge (but just [g] in Privilege, Oblige);
[th] - Eighth, Twelfth, Hundredth;

Слова, в которых часто допускают ошибки

Till ≠ Until (not *untill);
Lose ≠ Loose (one is a verb; the other is an adjective);
Affect ≠ Effect (one is a common verb; the other is its noun form);
Forth ≠ Fourth (one means ‘forward’; the other means ‘number four’);
Fourth but Forty (not *fourty);
High but Height (not *hight);
Great but Grateful (not *greatful);
Precede ≠ Proceed (one means ‘go before’; the other means ‘go ahead’);
Principle ≠ Principal (one means ‘truth’; the other means ‘main’);
Site ≠ Sight (one is a place; the other is something to see, as in sightseeing not *siteseeing);
Copywriter ≠ Copyright (one writes advertising; the other means ‘intellectual property’).

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