Practice Listening English Exercises for B1 – Food and Nutrition

Getting Ready

Where do these foods belong in the nutrition pyramid? Write the correct letter next to each item.

ice cream ____

apples ____

noodles ____

chicken ____

hamburgers ____

walnuts ____

carrots ____

pancakes ____

pineapple ____

10 tuna ____


img

Show answers

1 b   2 e   3 f   4 d   5 d

6 d   7 c   8 f   9 e   10 d

Listening 1

People are talking about their eating habits. What does each person eat now? Listen and check (✓) the correct picture.

img

Show answers & Transcript

1 a   2 a   3 b   4 a

Transcript

1

I never pay attention to diet. I eat whatever I want. There’s nothing I like more than a big juicy steak for dinner and chocolate cake and ice cream for dessert. Yum!

2

I’m trying to cut down on cholesterol, so I’ve stopped eating eggs, cheese, and red meat. I’m eating a lot more fish and chicken.

3

I’m trying to put on weight. Everyone tells me I’m too thin, so I’ve started eating a lot more meat and dairy products. It’s great. Now I can go out as often as I want for hamburgers and fries.

4

I’ve got a real sweet tooth. I love chocolate, candy, and things like that. But I know it isn’t healthy, so I’ve given all that up. Now the only sweets I have are fruit.

Listening 2

Task 1

A doctor is talking to her patients about nutrition. What advice does she give each person? Listen and circle the correct answer.

1   a  eat fewer vegetables

b eat less cheese

     c   eat a lot of fat

2   a  don’t eat fish

b eat more vegetables

     c   eat more fruit

3   a  eat less meat

b eat less fruit

     c   eat more meat

4   a  eat less bread

b eat more meat

     c   eat less fruit

5   a  eat more cheese

b don’t drink milk

     c   eat more protein

6   a  don’t drink milk

b don’t eat candy

     c   eat more vegetables

Show answers

1 b   2 c   3 c   4 a   5 a   6 a

Task 2

Listen again. What is each person’s health problem? Write the correct letter.

1 Mr. Grant ____

2 Linda ____

3 Chris ____

4 Ms. Barton ____

5 Mr. O’Brien ____

6 Mrs. Johnson ____

a is losing too much weight.

b has stomachaches.

c needs to lose weight.

d has high cholesterol.

e has been feeling tired and weak.

f has high blood pressure.

Show answers & Transcript

1 d   2 f   3 e   4 c   5 a   6 b

Transcript

1

Well, from what you’ve been telling me, Mr. Grant, it sounds like you’re already eating more vegetables. That’s good. But you should definitely eat less cheese. It has a lot of sodium and fat in it. That might explain why your cholesterol level is so high.

2

I’m glad to hear that you’ve been eating fish more often, Linda. It’s much better for you than meat because it has a lot less fat in it. It will probably help your high blood pressure, too. Now, you should also try to eat more fresh fruit, too, especially berries, like strawberries and blueberries – they’re full of antioxidants.

3

Well, Chris, I think it’s great that you’ve been eating a lot of vegetables. I see you’ve been having fruit for dessert instead of ice cream, too. That’s excellent. But you say you’ve been feeling tired and weak lately, so you should eat more meat.

4

Ms. Barton, I’m wondering about all the bread you’ve been eating. I know you need to lose weight, and sometimes eating a lot of bread makes that very difficult. So, I’d like you to eat less bread for a few weeks. Otherwise, your diet seems pretty well-balanced. You’re eating meat, but not too much meat, as well as a lot of fruit and vegetables.

5

You’re right, Mr. O’Brien. You’re definitely losing too much weight. It’s probably because you haven’t been eating meat. Now, even if you don’t eat meat, you still need protein. Why don’t you try eating more eggs, beans, and cheese? They’ve got a lot of protein. I’m sure that will help.

6

Well, Mrs. Johnson, I see here that you’ve been having stomachaches in the mornings lately. And you say you have cereal with milk for breakfast every day. I think the problem is that the milk is difficult for you to digest. That means you shouldn’t eat dairy products, like milk and cheese. I suggest you stop drinking milk for a few months. Try having eggs for breakfast instead of cereal.

Listening 3

Task 1

A cheesemaker is giving a talk about cheese. Are these statements true or false? Listen and check (✓) the correct answer.

True

False

1 Cheese was first made over 3,000 years ago.

2 Cheese contains vitamins.

Most cheese in the United States is made from goat’s milk.

4 Cheese doesn’t contain water.

5 The process of making cheese was probably discovered by chance.

6 Pasteurized milk contains bacteria.

7 Carbon dioxide is added to pasteurized milk to make cheese.

8 Curd is a liquid.

Show answers

1 True   2 True   3 False   4 False

5 True   6 False   7 False   8 False

Task 2

Listen again. How is cheese made? Number the steps from 1 to 5.

The milk forms a solid substance. ____

Specially cultivated bacteria are added to the milk. ____

The milk is heated to remove all bacteria. ____

The curd is removed and drained. ____

The milk is kept warm so the cultures can grow. ____

Show answers & Transcript

4 2 1 5 3

Transcript

Cheese is one of the world’s oldest foods. It was made by the ancient Egyptians over 3,000 years ago. It is a valuable food, since it contains vitamins and protein. It is used both as a food itself and in many different types of cooking.

There are hundreds of different types of cheese around the world, but they are almost always made from the same thing: milk. Cheese is made from several different kinds of milk, including cow’s, sheep’s, and goat’s milk. Most cheese in the United States is made from cow’s milk. Cheese also contains water. A soft cheese, like Brie, contains more water than a hard cheese, like Parmesan.

Cheese is produced through a process called “fermentation.” The process of making cheese was probably discovered by chance. Ancient people used to make bags using the skin from an animal’s stomach. When they used these skin bags to carry milk, bacteria from the animal’s skin reacted with the milk to begin the fermentation. The result was cheese.

Today, cheese making is a very scientific process. First, the milk that will be used is pasteurized, which means that it is heated to remove all bacteria. Then, specially cultivated bacteria, called “cultures,” are added to the milk. The milk is kept fairly warm during this period to help the cultures grow. As they grow, the bacteria cultures sometimes release bubbles of carbon dioxide. These bubbles help make the holes in Swiss cheese.

Next, as the milk ripens, it forms a solid substance. This substance is called “curd.” The curd is removed, and the water is drained from it. The curd forms the basis of the cheese and may be treated in different ways.

Finally, once it is matured and dried, the cheese is ready to eat.

Conversation Corner: Ordering at a restaurant

Task 1

Listen to the conversation. Write the missing words.

A: Hi. I’m Jane, and I’ll be your server this evening. What would you like to drink?

B: I’ll just have some water, thanks.

A: Okay. And what ______ ______ ______ to eat?

B: Could you tell me what types of vegetables come with the roast chicken?

A: Sure. It comes with ________

B: Okay. Then I’d like the roast chicken and vegetables, please. And I’d like a piece of apple pie for dessert.

A: Okay, that’s roast ______ ______ ______, and a piece of apple pie.

Task 2

Practice the conversation with a partner. Be sure to pronounce the plural -s correctly.

Show answers & Transcript

A: Hi. I’m Jane, and I’ll be your server this evening. What would you like to drink?

B: I’ll just have some water, thanks.

A: Okay. And what would you like to eat?

B: Could you tell me what types of vegetables come with the roast chicken?

A: Sure. It comes with peas and carrots .

B: Okay. Then I’d like the roast chicken and vegetables, please. And I’d like a piece of apple pie for dessert.

A: Okay, that’s roast chicken and vegetables , and a piece of apple pie.