1. Choose the correct options (a-c) to complete the text.
Most of us take antibiotics for granted. They 1 ___ to treat many illnesses caused by bacteria, and until now, patients 2 ___ them successfully to prevent infection following minor surgery and routine operations. Now, though, the public 3 ___ that some bacteria are becoming resistant to antibiotics, and unless action 4 ___ soon, we could be ‘back to the dark ages’ when people 5 ___ by common illnesses on a regular basis. Experts explain that in a large group of bacteria, there may be some which 6 ___ by antibiotics; when these bacteria survive and reproduce, they increase the number of resistant bacteria to dangerous levels. Now scientists are raising concerns about a possible outbreak of a resistant infection. They predict that two in every five people who are affected by a resistant infection 7 ___ .
1 a were used
b are used
c had been used
2 a have been given
b are being given
c will be given
3 a were being warned
b are warned
c are being warned
4 a will be taken
b is taken
c has been taken
5 a were killed
b had been killed
c have been killed
6 a are destroyed
b aren’t destroyed
c weren’t destroyed
7 a have been killed
b are killed
c will be killed
1 b 2 a 3 c 4 b 5 a 6 b 7 c
2. Complete the sentences with the correct passive form of the verbs in brackets.
1 Antibiotics ________ (prescribe) by doctors to fight disease for many years.
2 What would our lives be life if X-ray machines ________ (not invent)?
3 Scientists believe that a vaccine to prevent malaria ________ (develop) soon.
4 In the past, many patients ________ (infect) each year in dirty hospitals.
5 Natural plant remedies for illnesses ________ (discover) all the time.
6 Anaesthetics ________ (not use) in operations until the 19th century.
1 have been prescribed 2 hadn’t been invented
3 will be developed 4 were infected
5 are being discovered 6 weren’t used
3. Rewrite each sentence in two ways, using the underlined words as the subjects and leaving out the agent.
1 The teacher gave each student a book.
Each student was given a book.
A book was given to each student.
2 They have offered both of us a place at university.
3 Mum cooked me a special dinner last night.
4 She’s lending the money to Anna.
5 best friend has just sent me a text message.
6 Do you think they’ll give him the job?
2 Both of us have been offered a place at university. / A place at university has been offered to both of us.
3 I was cooked a special dinner last night. / A special dinner was cooked for me last night.
4 The money is being lent to Anna. / Anna is being lent the money.
5 I’ve just been sent a text message. / A text message has just been sent to me.
6 Do you think he’ll be given the job? / Do you think the job will be given to him?
4. Complete the text with the correct passive form of the verbs below.
bite cause give improve know raise
Louis Pasteur 1 _________ as the scientist who proved ‘germ theory’ after he discovered that many illnesses 2 _________ by tiny organisms. He 3 _________ in France, and it was there that farmers asked the scientist to investigate why their wine turned sour; Pasteur discovered that heating the wine destroyed the harmful bacteria which made the wine go off. He later focused on human medicine. A woman took her son to Pasteur because the boy 4 _________ by a dog suffering from rabies; Pasteur cured him in the first-known attempt at vaccination, a process in which a person 5 _________ a small amount of a dead or weak germ, so that they produce antibodies that fight the disease. Medicine 6 _________ hugely thanks to Pasteur, as vaccination prevents millions of deaths every year.
1 is known 2 are / were caused 3 was raised
4 had been bitten 5 is given 6 was / has been improved
5. Compete the second sentence using the correct passive tense so that it means the same as the first.
1 I definitely didn’t break the laptop.
The laptop ________
2 Has someone invited Jan to the cinema?
Has ______________ to the cinema?
3 They hadn’t told us about the school trip.
We ______________ the school trip.
4 Our teacher will explain the answers next week.
The answers ______________ our teacher next week.
5 They were showing students around the museum.
Students ______________ around the museum.
6 The government is advising people not to travel there.
People ______________ travel there.
1 definitely wasn’t broken by me / was definitely not broken by me.
2 Jan been invited 3 hadn’t been told about
4 will be explained (to us) by 5 were being shown
6 are being advised (by the government) not to
6. Rewrite the sentences in the passive. Do not include the agent.
1 Someone has stolen mountain bike.
2 They are building a new sports centre.
3 They’ll postpone the race if it rains.
4 They had cancelled our flight.
5 They’re going to close the swimming pool.
6 They cut the grass every week.
1 mountain bike has been stolen.
2 A new sports centre is being built.
3 The race will be postponed if it rains.
4 Our flight had been cancelled.
5 The swimming pool is going to be closed.
6 The grass is / was cut every week.