English Grammar Exercises for B2 – Modals: present and future

1. Write the words in the correct order to make sentences.

a / you / guidebook / buy / needn’t


book / table / need / don’t / we / to / a


apologise / her / ought / she / to / behaviour / for


we / take / are / to / a / supposed / gift / ?


a / don’t / to / tip / you / have / leave


eat / your / hand / have / you / to / with / right


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1 You needn’t buy a guidebook.

2 We don’t need to book a table.

She ought to apologise for her behaviour.

4 Are we supposed to take a gift?

You don’t have to leave a tip.

6 You have to eat with your right hand.

2. Match the sentence halves.

1 This is supposed

2 It can

3 You’ll be able to

4 He needn’t

5 It can’t

6 Everyone ought

a take a boat trip tomorrow if the weather improves.

b be easy travelling on your own as you may get lonely.

c to be the most beautiful city in the world.

d to keep an open mind about other cultures.

e be extremely hot in Australia at Christmas.

check out of the hotel yet.

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1 c   2 e   3 a   4 f   5 b   6 d

3. Choose the correct verbs (a-d) to complete the text.

Customs in different countries 1 ___ vary widely and it’s sometimes difficult to know how to behave. If you’re visiting Turkey, for example, and you’re asked to dinner at someone’s house, you 2 ___ take a gift. It 3 ___ be anything expensive -flowers or pastries are a good idea. Try to eat everything on your plate or you 4 ___ upset your host! Remember that you 5 ___ point at people with your finger – it’s considered very rude. And you 6 ___ show the bottoms of your feet for the same reason. Watch what other people do and follow their example and you 7 ___ be fine!

1   a ought to    can                  c   must   should

2   a need           might not      c   mustn’t            ought to

3   a must           needn’t           c   has to   may

4   a could          can c   should              are able to

5   a should        mustn’t           c   don’t need to  d have to

6   a may             are supposed to         c shouldn’t  d must

7   a can              have to           c should             d might

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1 b   2 d   3 b   4 a   5 b   6 c   7 c

4. Correct the mistakes in the sentences. Tick the correct sentences.

The winters are able to be very cold in Austria. ________.

When we visit Norway next month, we should see the Northern Lights. ________.

This needs be the right house – it’s got a green door and blue curtains, just as Lara described. __ _____.

That man mustn’t be Ella’s dad – he looks too old. ________.

This can be the last time I see you! I have to see you again! ________.

You have to wait for me if you’re in a hurry – I’ll see you there! ________.

In a year’s time, I’ll be able to drive. ________.

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1 can be   2 ✓   3 must   4 can’t   5 can’t

6 needn’t / don’t need to / don’t have to   7

5. Complete the second sentences so that it means the same as the first. Use modal verbs.

Sometimes our neighbours are very noisy.

  Our neighbours ________ very noisy.

You may not have another opportunity to see this film.

  This ________ last opportunity to see this film

I’m sure we’re not late because we left on time.

  We left on time so ________ late.

Surely you recognise that woman from TV?

 ________ that woman from TV!

I hope it’ll be possible to go skiing in the winter.

 I hope I ________ go skiing in the winter.

It’s possible that tomorrow’s match will be cancelled.

     Tomorrow’s match ________ cancelled.

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1 can (sometimes) be   2 may / might / could be your

3 we can’t be   4 You must recognise   5 will be able to

6 may / might / could be

6. Complete the text with the words below.

able      might      mustn’t      needn’t      should (x2)      supposed

Every country around the world has its own customs and traditions, usually connected with bringing good luck or trying to avoid bad luck. For example, in Japan, if a beggar comes to your house, you are 1 _____. to throw salt where they’ve been, otherwise you 2 _____. have bad luck. In Brazil, you 3 _____. place a small container of salt in the corner of the house and this 4 _____. bring you good luck. In India, if there is a birth or death, the family members 5 _____. go to a temple or light a lamp in the house for fifteen days. Unmarried people in Russia should avoid sitting at the corner of the table or they won’t be 6 _____. to find a life partner. And in Vietnam, you 7 _____. take an expensive gift to a wedding; in fact, two less expensive ones are better!

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1 supposed   2 might   3 should   4 should   5 mustn’t

6 able   7 needn’t

7. Complete the text with the words below.

you don’t have      you must      you mustn’t       you needn’t

you’re supposed      you should

If you’re planning on visiting Australia in the future, here a few tips1 _________ have a visa to enter the country, unless you’re an Australian or New Zealand citizen. 2 _________ to register with the police while you’re there, but 3 _________ to leave before your vise expires. 4 _________ take fresh or packaged food into the country, and plants and seeds are also banned. The greatest risk to personal safety comes from the sun, which, in Australia, is very strong. 5 _________ spend all of your visit indoors, but 6 _________ stay out of the sun in the middle of the day, when it’s at its strongest.

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1 You must 2 You don’t have   3 you’re supposed

4 You mustn’t   5 You needn’t   6 you should

8. Choose the correct words to complete the dialogue.

A Spring at last! It 1can / may / must be your birthday soon.

It is – on 5 April. I’m having a barbecue that weekend.

A You 2can’t / may / should be serious!

Why? What’s the problem?

A It 3can’t / might / must rain!

Do you think so?

A Yes. April 4can / should / must be very showery, you know.

Perhaps. It 5can’t / must / should be all right, though. It didn’t rain last year.

A But you won’t 6be able to / can / could eat in the garden if the weather’s bad!

No problem. We’ll eat in the house instead!

Show answers

1 must   2 can’t   3 might   4 can   5 should   6 be able to