1. Circle the correct past or present participle form to complete the participle clauses.
1 We stayed in a villa belonged / belonging to grandparents.
2 These scientists have designed a car powered / powering by solar energy.
3 He jumped from a train travelled / travelling at nearly 100 km/h.
4 The men decorated / decorating our house have made a real mess of the furniture.
5 They spent the night in a traditional Mongolian tent known / knowing as a yurt.
6 The police arrested a man taken / taking photos of the military base.
7 The tourists saw a message written / writing in large, white letters on the cliff.
8 His flat is full of old furniture given / giving to him by his grandfather.
1 belonging 2 powered 3 travelling 4 decorating
5 known 6 taking 7 written 8 given
2. Underline one participle clause in each sentence. Then write it as a full relative clause (defining or non-defining).
1 I bought a copy of Twilight signed by the author.
which had been signed by the author
2 I can see three cyclists not wearing helmets.
3 She keeps getting emails from companies wanting to employ her.
4 Three paintings stolen from the National Gallery have been found.
5 This class is only for students studying nineteenth-century literature.
6 His autobiography, published in 1931, was called Far From Home.
7 I asked some girls standing outside the hotel to take a photo of us.
8 We remind passengers that any luggage left on the platform will be destroyed.
9 This book is a useful guide for students not living at home.
10 We stayed in an amazing hotel room decorated to look like a space capsule.
2 not wearing helmets, who are not wearing helmets
3 wanting to employ her, who want to employ her
4 stolen from the National Gallery, which were stolen from the National Gallery
5 studying nineteenth-century literature, who are studying nineteenth-century literature
6 published in 1931, which was published in 1931
7 standing outside the hotel, who were standing outside the hotel
8 left on the platform, which has been left on the platform
9 not living at home, who are not living at home
10 decorated to look like a space capsule, which was decorated to look like a space capsule
3. Complete the text with participle clauses with the same meaning as the clauses in brackets.
The largest man-made object in space is the International Space Station (ISS), 1 _____ (which was built) by the European Space Agency and the space agencies of America, Canada, Japan and Russia. These five agencies, 2 _____ (who worked) together for many years, launched the ISS in 1998. Since then, they have all been sending astronauts, 3 _____ (who have been trained) to carry out important scientific work, to the space station. Chris Hadfield, 4 _____ (who was chosen) as one of Canada’s astronauts, became well known for uploading photos 5 _____ (which had been taken) in space to his social networking pages. He also recorded videos, 6 _____ (which included) his won performance of the song Space Oddity, 7 _____ (which was written) by pop star David Bowie. The video, 8 _____ (which has been watched) by about 25 million people so far, made Chris Hadfield even more famous.
1 built 2 working 3 trained 4 chosen 5 taken
6 including 7 written 8 watched
4. Combine the two sentences using a participle clause. Sometimes you need to add the clause in the middle of the sentence.
1 We visited a palace. The palace was built 400 years ago.
We visited a palace built 400 years ago.
2 Astronauts get homesick. They spend weeks in space.
3 I lost a watch. It belonged to cousin.
4 A man sat down next to me. He smelled of coffee.
5 The debates will help voters to decide. They will be shown live on TV.
6 He gave me a small box. It contained a key.
2 Astronauts, spending weeks in space, get homesick.
3 I lost a watch belonging to cousin.
4 A man, smelling of coffee, sat down next to me.
5 The debates, shown live on TV, will help voters to decide.
6 He gave me a small box containing a key.
5. Rewrite the underlined clauses as participle clauses.
1 The train that is arriving at platform 4 is the 9.30 to London Paddington.
2 grandfather owns a vintage scooter, which was made in the 1960s.
3 The new uniforms, which the flight attendants have designed, look extremely comfortable.
4 She left the bag which contained all of her travel documents on the coach.
5 Passengers who are travelling to Manchester will need to change at Birmingham New Street.
6 Tickets which are booked a month in advance have a 10% discount.
7 The three girls who were injured in the car accident have already been sent home from hospital.
8 Computers who wish to purchase a season ticket can apply for it online.
1 arriving at platform 4
2 made in the 1960s
3 designed by the flight attendants
4 containing all of her travel documents
5 travelling to Manchester
6 booked a month in advance
7 injured in the car accident
8 wishing to purchase a season ticket