English Grammar Exercises for B1- Participle clauses

1. Circle the correct past or present participle form to complete the participle clauses.

We stayed in a villa belonged / belonging to grandparents.

These scientists have designed a car powered / powering by solar energy.

He jumped from a train travelled / travelling at nearly 100 km/h.

The men decorated / decorating our house have made a real mess of the furniture.

They spent the night in a traditional Mongolian tent known / knowing as a yurt.

The police arrested a man taken / taking photos of the military base.

The tourists saw a message written / writing in large, white letters on the cliff.

His flat is full of old furniture given / giving to him by his grandfather.

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1 belonging   2 powered   3 travelling   4 decorating

5 known   6 taking   7 written   8 given

2. Underline one participle clause in each sentence. Then write it as a full relative clause (defining or non-defining).

I bought a copy of Twilight signed by the author.

     which had been signed by the author

I can see three cyclists not wearing helmets.

 ________.

She keeps getting emails from companies wanting to employ her.

 ________.

Three paintings stolen from the National Gallery have been found.

 ________.

This class is only for students studying nineteenth-century literature.

 ________.

His autobiography, published in 1931, was called Far From Home.

 ________.

I asked some girls standing outside the hotel to take a photo of us.

     ________.

8   We remind passengers that any luggage left on the platform will be destroyed.

________.

9   This book is a useful guide for students not living at home.

________.

10 We stayed in an amazing hotel room decorated to look like a space capsule.

     ________.

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2 not wearing helmets, who are not wearing helmets

wanting to employ her, who want to employ her

stolen from the National Gallery, which were stolen from the National Gallery

5 studying nineteenth-century literature, who are studying nineteenth-century literature

published in 1931, which was published in 1931

7 standing outside the hotel, who were standing outside the hotel

8 left on the platform, which has been left on the platform

9 not living at home, who are not living at home

10 decorated to look like a space capsule, which was decorated to look like a space capsule

3. Complete the text with participle clauses with the same meaning as the clauses in brackets.

The largest man-made object in space is the International Space Station (ISS), 1 _____ (which was built) by the European Space Agency and the space agencies of America, Canada, Japan and Russia. These five agencies, 2 _____ (who worked) together for many years, launched the ISS in 1998. Since then, they have all been sending astronauts, 3 _____ (who have been trained) to carry out important scientific work, to the space station. Chris Hadfield, 4 _____ (who was chosen) as one of Canada’s astronauts, became well known for uploading photos 5 _____ (which had been taken) in space to his social networking pages. He also recorded videos, 6 _____ (which included) his won performance of the song Space Oddity7 _____ (which was written) by pop star David Bowie. The video, 8 _____ (which has been watched) by about 25 million people so far, made Chris Hadfield even more famous.

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1 built   2 working   3 trained   4 chosen   5 taken

6 including   7 written   8 watched

4. Combine the two sentences using a participle clause. Sometimes you need to add the clause in the middle of the sentence.

We visited a palace. The palace was built 400 years ago.

  We visited a palace built 400 years ago.

Astronauts get homesick. They spend weeks in space.

 ________.

I lost a watch. It belonged to cousin.

 ________.

A man sat down next to me. He smelled of coffee.

 ________.

The debates will help voters to decide. They will be shown live on TV.

 ________.

He gave me a small box. It contained a key.

     ________.

Show answers

2 Astronauts, spending weeks in space, get homesick.

3 I lost a watch belonging to cousin.

4 A man, smelling of coffee, sat down next to me.

5 The debates, shown live on TV, will help voters to decide.

6 He gave me a small box containing a key.

5. Rewrite the underlined clauses as participle clauses.

The train that is arriving at platform 4 is the 9.30 to London Paddington.

  ________.

grandfather owns a vintage scooter, which was made in the 1960s.

  ________.

The new uniforms, which the flight attendants have designed, look extremely comfortable.

  ________.

She left the bag which contained all of her travel documents on the coach.

  ________.

Passengers who are travelling to Manchester will need to change at Birmingham New Street.

  ________.

Tickets which are booked a month in advance have a 10% discount.

  ________.

The three girls who were injured in the car accident have already been sent home from hospital.

  ________.

Computers who wish to purchase a season ticket can apply for it online.

      ________.

Show answers

1 arriving at platform 4

made in the 1960s

3 designed by the flight attendants

containing all of her travel documents

5 travelling to Manchester

6 booked a month in advance

7 injured in the car accident

wishing to purchase a season ticket