1. Choose the correct answer.
1 sister is a member of the choir performed / performing tonight.
2 The audience watching / watched the rock band were mainly young people.
3 The money collecting / collected by the buskers will be donated to charity.
4 The aria singing / sung by the opera singer was very moving.
5 We received a letter inviting / invited us to a performance by a string quartet.
6 The New World symphony, composed / composing by Dvorak, is one of his best.
7 The conductor led / leading the orchestra is from Moscow.
8 The instrument played / playing by the lead violinist was a Stradivarius.
1 performing 2 watching 3 collected 4 sung
5 inviting 6 composed 7 leading 8 played
2. Look at the picture and complete the sentences with the present participle or the past participle form of the verbs in brackets.
1 The scene __________ (portray) in the picture is a busy city street.
2 None of the people __________ (depict) in the scene is driving a car.
3 The clothes __________ (wear) by the people are very old-fashioned.
4 The dog __________ (stand) in the foreground looks as if he has just seen something interesting.
5 A woman __________ (walk) with her daughter has also stopped to watch the action.
6 The three men __________ (talk) in the background look like they are discussing the incident.
1 portrayed 2 depicted 3 worn
4 standing 5 walking 6 talking
3. Rewrite the relative clauses as participle phrases.
1 The symphony, which was written in 1869, was played beautifully by the orchestra.
The symphony, written in 1869, was played beautiful by the orchestra.
2 On stage there’s a folk band which is singing old songs.
3 The musician, who was educated in Rome, will play three songs this evening.
4 The cathedral which was used for the ceremony was built in the last century.
5 The opera, which stars Elaine Stewart, was an absolute disaster.
6 The DJ who is playing the music is very well-known.
2 On stage there’s a folk band singing old songs.
3 The musician, educated in Rome, will play three songs this evening.
4 The cathedral used for the ceremony was built in the last century.
5 The opera, starring Elaine Stewart, was an absolute disaster.
6 The DJ playing the music is very well-known.
Invent some information about the people in the picture. Look at the questions to help you. Write the information as participle clauses.
What are the people wearing / doing?
Where are they sitting / standing?
Who are they?